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News from a World gone mad

yet there is still so much beauty

Date

January 19, 2016

Fourth Industrial Revolution: Automation could replace 5 million jobs by 2020

World Economic Forum published a new research “The Future of Jobs“, and according to the study, automation will replace over 5 million jobs over the next five years. The increasing technological advances should cut about 7.1 million jobs and should create 2 million jobs. Therefore, the deficit will be of 5.1 million jobs. The survey was conducted in 15 countries including China, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Brazil the UK and US, which account for 65% of the global workforce – totaling 1.9 billion workers. WEF founder Klaus Schwab calls this technological advance the “Fourth Industrial Revolution.”

automacao-e1453131753932 [Image source: Wikimedia]

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution, which includes developments in previously disjointed fields such as artificial intelligence and machine-learning, robotics, nanotechnology, 3-D printing, and genetics and biotechnology, will cause widespread disruption not only to business models but also to labour markets over the next five years, with enormous change predicted in the skill sets needed to thrive in the new landscape,” claims the report.

According to the study, the white-collar workers – administrative and office jobs – are the ones that will suffer the most impact in terms of job lost over the next five years, followed by the manufacturing and production sector. The research warns that while automation will affect all industries in all geographic regions, job losses can be offset by employment growth in other areas.

source InterestingEngineering

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Amazing Winged Insect Sculptures Made Out Of Old Computer Circuit Boards And Electronics

circuit-board-winged-insects-dew-leaf-julie-alice-chappell-2

What happened to all of the old computers, iPods and stereos you once owned in the past? If you’re like the majority of people you have no idea. Our society is constantly buying new electronics and discarding old, outdated electronics. The issue is what to do with all of these old electric components without bombarding the Earth with toxic trash.

Portsmouth, UK-based artist Julie Alice Chappell has found a way to make use of old electronics in her beautiful series titled “Computer Component Bugs.” She uses old, unwanted electric parts and transforms them into amazing winged insect sculptures.

The environmentally friendly artist says her work relies on, “discarded and often environmentally dangerous materials to create something new and precious, keeping the art sympathetic to current environmental issues whilst developing an original making process.”

Julie finds circuit boards to be very “visually appealing.” In an article published onpermaculture.co.uk Julie wrote, “With all their tiny components, complex circuitry and bright metallic colours I cannot help but compare them to the detailed patterns we see when we look at nature up close. I view the miniature circuit boards with the same curiosity and amazement as I view the natural world.”

You can purchase Chappell’s beautiful winged insect sculptures through her Etsy shop.

full article and more pictures at Earthporm

Britain’s Terrorism Airport Stop Law Violates Human Rights, Judge Rules In David Miranda Case

The British anti-terrorism law used to seize journalistic material about Edward Snowden’s surveillance revelations breaches human rights law, a judge has said in a landmark case.

Lord Dyson’s judgment relates to the detention of David Miranda, the partner of Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald who reported on the Snowden story. He was stopped at Heathrow in 2013, held for nine hours and had electronic devices carrying encrypted data confiscated.

Though the judge decided that the stop of Miranda had been lawful, he said on Tuesday that the power under Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act to stop people entering Britain at ports and seize data and documents lacked safeguards to prevent its arbitrary use against journalists.

He also rejected an earlier court’s ruling that the threatened disclosure of the information Miranda was carrying met the legal definition of terrorism.

Miranda tweeted “journalism isn’t terrorism” in response to the news.

full story The Huffington Post

Stephen Hawking Warns Humanity Could Destroy Itself In The Next 100 Years

photo credit: Hawking said we must colonize other planets to survive. NASA/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Stephen Hawking has warned that humanity is in danger of destroying itself in the next 100 years as we rapidly progress in the realms of science and technology.

Speaking to the BBC, he said that while progress was good, it creates “new ways things can go wrong.” He highlighted nuclear war, global warming, and genetically-engineered viruses as possible harbingers of doom of our own creation.

This is not the first time Hawking has warned that we face a self-made disaster; in 2014, he said that artificial intelligence could “spell the end of the human race.”

Hawking pointed out that he is ultimately an optimist, and he believes we can overcome the problems that could face humanity. But if the worst were to happen, one way we could ensure the survival of the human race is to have a colony on another planet, such as Mars.

This is unlikely to be a reality in at least the next century, though. Suggesting that a global disaster was a “near certainty” in the next thousand to ten thousand years, Hawking therefore said that the next 100 years are our most dangerous, as we become much more advanced but without a safe haven off this planet.

“Although the chance of a disaster to planet Earth in a given year may be quite low, it adds up over time, and becomes a near certainty in the next thousand or ten thousand years,” he said. “However, we will not establish self-sustaining colonies in space for at least the next hundred years, so we have to be very careful in this period.”

Hawking said we need to colonize other worlds to survive. Aphelleon/Shutterstock

Nonetheless, Hawking said this was a “glorious time to be alive” for scientists, specifically theoretical physicists like himself, with countless new discoveries waiting to be made.

Hawking was speaking to the Radio Times ahead of his Reith Lecture on black holes, which will be aired on BBC Radio 4 in the U.K. at 9 a.m. GMT on January 26 and February 2. International audiences can listen in on the BBC World Service on the same days at 10:06 a.m. EST (3:06 p.m. GMT).

Hawking’s latest theory on black holes, published in a paper earlier this month, is that they could contain “hairs” at their event horizon – the boundary beyond which nothing, not even light, can escape. These hairs could contain information about the black hole, and help resolve the “information loss” paradox.

Main image credit: Flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

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